A Review of Modernization of Indian Tradition by Yogendra Singh
Modernization of Indian Tradition is a book by Yogendra Singh, a sociologist and former professor at Jawaharlal Nehru University. The book was first published in 1973 and has been reprinted several times since then. It is a comprehensive and systematic study of the processes and problems of social change in contemporary India, with a focus on the interaction between tradition and modernity.
The book is divided into three parts. The first part deals with the theoretical and conceptual aspects of modernization, such as its definition, dimensions, indicators, and models. The second part examines the empirical evidence of modernization in various spheres of Indian society, such as religion, caste, family, education, politics, economy, and culture. The third part discusses the challenges and prospects of modernization in India, such as the role of values, ideology, leadership, social movements, and national integration.
The book is based on extensive research and data analysis, drawing from various sources such as census reports, surveys, historical documents, and case studies. The book also incorporates insights from various disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, history, psychology, and political science. The book is written in a clear and lucid style, with ample examples and illustrations. The book is a valuable contribution to the understanding of the dynamics and complexities of social change in India.
The book is available in PDF format from the Internet Archive[^1^]. It can also be purchased from Rawat Publications[^2^] or accessed from the Max Planck Society library[^3^].
The book has received positive reviews from scholars and critics, who have praised its theoretical rigor, empirical richness, and analytical clarity. The book has also been widely cited and referenced in academic literature and public discourse on modernization and social change in India. The book has been considered as one of the seminal works on the sociology of modernization in India.
However, the book has also been criticized for some of its limitations and shortcomings. Some of the criticisms are as follows:
The book is based on data and sources that are mostly dated and outdated, as it was written in the early 1970s. The book does not take into account the changes and developments that have occurred in India since then, such as the rise of new social movements, the emergence of new forms of identity politics, the impact of globalization and neoliberalism, and the challenges of environmental degradation and social inequality.
The book adopts a linear and evolutionary perspective on modernization, which assumes that modernization is a universal and inevitable process that leads to social progress and development. The book does not adequately address the diversity and plurality of modernity and tradition in India, nor does it acknowledge the possibility of alternative or multiple modernities. The book also does not critically examine the normative and ideological implications of modernization, such as its relation to colonialism, nationalism, secularism, and democracy.
The book relies heavily on quantitative and statistical methods of analysis, which tend to ignore or overlook the qualitative and contextual aspects of social reality. The book does not pay enough attention to the lived experiences, meanings, values, and agency of the actors involved in the processes of social change. The book also does not explore the role of culture, power, conflict, and resistance in shaping the outcomes and consequences of modernization.
In conclusion, Modernization of Indian Tradition by Yogendra Singh is a classic and influential work on the sociology of modernization in India. It provides a comprehensive and systematic framework for understanding the processes and problems of social change in contemporary India. However, the book also has some limitations and shortcomings that need to be addressed and updated in light of the changing realities and challenges of Indian society. 061ffe29dd